A Probabilistic Framework for Aligning Paired-end RNA-seq Data
Motivation: The RNA-seq paired-end read (PER) protocol samples transcript fragments longer than the sequencing capability of today’s technology by sequencing just the two ends of each fragment. Deep sampling of the transcriptome using the PER protocol presents the opportunity to reconstruct the unsequenced portion of each transcript fragment using end reads from overlapping PERs, guided by the expected length of the fragment.
Methods: A probabilistic framework is described to predict the alignment to the genome of all PER transcript fragments in a PER dataset. Starting from possible exonic and spliced alignments of all end reads, our method constructs potential splicing paths connecting paired ends. An expectation maximization method assigns likelihood values to all splice junctions and assigns the most probable alignment for each transcript fragment.
Results: The method was applied to 2x35bp PER datasets from cancer cell lines MCF-7 and SUM-102. PER fragment alignment increased the coverage three fold compared to the alignment of the end reads alone, and increased the accuracy of splice detection. The accuracy of the EM algorithm in the presence of alternative paths in the splice graph was validated by qRT-PCR experiments on 8 exon skipping alternative splicing events. PER fragment alignment with long range splicing confirmed 8 out of 10 fusion events identified in the MCF-7 cell line in an earlier study by Maher et al. (2009).
Availability: Software available at http://www.netlab.uky.edu/p/bioinfo/mapPER
Hu Y, Wang K, He X, Chiang D, Prins J, Liu J (2010) A Probabilistic Framework for Aligning Paired-end RNA-seq Data. Bioinformatics [Epub ahead of print].