Application of RNA-seq to the comprehensive analysis of plant mitochondrial transcriptomes

Researchers at the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic propose ways to improve read mapping accuracy and sensitivity such as modifying a reference genome at RNA editing sites, using splicing- and ambiguity-competent aligners, and masking chloroplast- or nucleus-derived sequences. They also outline modified RNA-seq methods permitting more accurate detection and quantification of partially edited sites and the identification of transcription start sites on a genome-wide scale. The application of RNA-seq goes beyond genome-wide determination of transcript levels and RNA maturation events, and emerges as an elegant resource for the comprehensive identification of editing, splicing, and transcription start sites. Thus, improved RNA-seq methods customized for plant mitochondria hold tremendous potential for advancing our understanding of plant mitochondrial evolution and cyto-nuclear interactions in a broad array of plant species.

Stone JD, Storchova H. (2014) The application of RNA-seq to the comprehensive analysis of plant mitochondrial transcriptomes. Mol Genet Genomics [Epub ahead of print]. [abstract]