Characterization of the human ESC transcriptome by hybrid sequencing

Isoform identification and discovery are an important goal for transcriptome analysis because the majority of human genes express multiple isoforms with context- and tissue-specific functions. Better annotation of isoforms will also benefit downstream analysis such as expression quantification. Current RNA-Seq methods based on short-read sequencing are not reliable for isoform discovery. In this study, researchers at Stanford University have developed a new method based on the combined analysis of short reads and long reads generated, respectively, by second- and third-generation sequencing and applied this method to obtain a comprehensive characterization of the transcriptome of the human embryonic stem cell. The results showed that large gain in sensitivity and specificity can be achieved with this strategy.


Au KF, Sebastiano V, Afshar PT, Durruthy JD, Lee L, Williams BA, van Bakel H, Schadt EE, Reijo-Pera RA, Underwood JG, Wong WH. (2013) Characterization of the human ESC transcriptome by hybrid sequencing. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A [Epub ahead of print]. [article]