The goal of this study is to reveal the hub genes and molecular mechanisms of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) based on the genome-wide RNA sequencing dataset. The RNA sequencing dataset of COVID-19 ARDS was obtained from GSE163426. A total of 270 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified between COVID-19 ARDS and control group patients. Functional enrichment analysis of DEGs suggests that these DEGs may be involved in the following biological processes: response to cytokine, G-protein coupled receptor activity, ionotropic glutamate receptor signalling pathway and G-protein coupled receptor signalling pathway. By using the weighted correlation network analysis approach to analyse these DEGs, 10 hub DEGs that may play an important role in COVID-19 ARDS were identified. A total of 67 potential COVID-19 ARDS targetted drugs were identified by a complement map analysis. Immune cell infiltration analysis revealed that the levels of T cells CD4 naive, T cells follicular helper, macrophages M1 and eosinophils in COVID-19 ARDS patients were significantly different from those in control group patients. In conclusion, this study identified 10 COVID-19 ARDS-related hub DEGs and numerous potential molecular mechanisms through a comprehensive analysis of the RNA sequencing dataset and also revealed the difference in immune cell infiltration of COVID-19 ARDS.
Heat map of differentially expressed gene between COVID-19 acute respiratory distress syndrome and control group patients