Highlights of iPlant session presentations at the International Plant and Animal Genome Meeting XXIII

These clips are highlights taken from some iPlant session presentations at the International Plant and Animal Genome Meeting XXIII (January 2014,San Diego). iPlant users from across the US presented on how they have leveraged various iPlant resources to enable their research and educational goals. Importantly, everything they have done, you can do using iPlant. To learn more about the individual projects presented in these clips, see details at www.iplantc.org/pagxxii. For your own free iPlant account, and to learn how to do more with iPlant, visit our homepage – www.iplantc.org

Talk Abstract:
In plants and animals, biotic and abiotic stresses trigger genome-wide changes in gene expression. Variations in alternative splicing (AS) of genes during stress also increase the proteome diversity of the cell and influence signal transduction and adaptation. To analyze these effects during plant:virus interactions, we performed RNA-sequencing analyses of Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium) infected with Panicum mosaic virus (PMV). We used Tuxedo workflow for transcriptome assembly, differential gene, isoform and splicing analyses. Our analyses identified at-least 24,000 transcripts in 18,000 gene loci (~1.3 transcripts per locus) in Brachypodium that are expressed with two or more Fragments Per Kilobase of transcript per Million (FPKM) mapped fragments. About 1,800 of these gene loci are novel that mapped to previously un-annotated regions of the Brachypodium genome. While about 600 gene loci had differential splice junctions when compared to the reference Brachypodium gene annotations (Ensembl v1.0.20). Among the major types of alternative splicing events analyzed, intron-retention and alternate acceptor (3′-splice site) events appeared more predominant in Brachypodium, followed by alternative donor (5′-splice site) and exon-skipping events. PMV-infection triggered differential alternative splicing of approximately 800 genes. Gene-ontology enrichment analysis of the differential alternative spliced genes revealed over-represented functional categories in primary metabolism, transport, transcription, protein modification and signal transduction.