Circular RNAs are an emerging class of transcript isoforms created by unique back splicing of exons to form a closed covalent circular structure. While initially considered as product of aberrant splicing, recent evidence suggests unique functions and conservation across evolution. While circular RNAs could be largely attributed to have little or no potential to encode for proteins, recent evidence points to at least a small subset of circular RNAs which encode for peptides. Circular RNAs are also increasingly shown to be biomarkers for a number of diseases including neurological disorders and cancer. The advent of deep sequencing has enabled large-scale identification of circular RNAs in human and other genomes. A number of computational approaches have come up in recent years to query circular RNAs on a genome-wide scale from RNA-seq data. Researchers from the CSIR-IGIB describe the application and methodology of identifying circular RNAs using three popular computational tools: FindCirc, Segemehl, and CIRI along with approaches for experimental validation of the unique splice junctions.
Methods for annotation and validation of circular RNAs from RNA-Seq data
Sharma D, Sehgal P, Hariprakash J, Sivasubbu S, Scaria V. (2019) Methods for Annotation and Validation of Circular RNAs from RNAseq Data. Methods Mol Biol 1912:55-76. [abstract]