Apricot (Prunus armeniaca) belonging to the Prunus species is a popular kind of stone fruit tree. Apricot is native to Armenia and is currently cultivated in many countries with climates adaptable for apricot growth. In general, fresh fruits as well as dried apricot are produced. However, the information associated with genes and genetic markers for apricot is very limited.
Peach (Prunus persica) is one of the most popular stone fruits worldwide. Next generation sequencing (NGS) has facilitated genome and transcriptome analyses of several stone fruit trees.
Plum is a globally grown stone fruit and can be divided into several species. In particular, the Prunus salicina, which is native to China, is widely grown in many fruit orchards in Korea and Japan, as well as the United States and Australia.
Sour cherry (Prunus cerasus) in the genus Prunus in the family Rosaceae is one of the most popular stone fruit trees worldwide. Of known sour cherry cultivars, the Schattenmorelle is a famous old sour cherry with a high amount of fruit production. The Schattenmorelle was selected before 1650 and described in the 1800s.
Prunus mume, belonging to the Prunus genus, is an Asian tree, and its common names are Chinese plum and Japanese plum. P. mume are cultivated for fruit production as well as ornamental purposes.