NORMSEQ – a tool for evaluation, selection and visualization of RNA-Seq normalization methods

RNA-sequencing has become one of the most used high-throughput approaches to gain knowledge about the expression of all different RNA subpopulations. However, technical artifacts, either introduced during library preparation and/or data analysis, can influence the detected RNA expression levels. A critical step, especially in large and low input datasets or studies, is data normalization, which aims at eliminating the variability in data that is not related to biology. Many normalization methods have been developed, each of them relying on different assumptions, making the selection of the appropriate normalization strategy key to preserve biological information.

To address this, researchers at the Amsterdam University Medical Center have developed NormSeq, a free web-server tool to systematically assess the performance of normalization methods in a given dataset. A key feature of NormSeq is the implementation of information gain to guide the selection of the best normalization method, which is crucial to eliminate or at least reduce non-biological variability. Altogether, NormSeq provides an easy-to-use platform to explore different aspects of gene expression data with a special focus on data normalization to help researchers, even without bioinformatics expertise, to obtain reliable biological inference from their data.

Graphical Abstract

Availability – NormSeq is freely available at:

Scheepbouwer C, Hackenberg M, van Eijndhoven MAJ, Gerber A, Pegtel M, Gómez-Martín C. (2023) NORMSEQ: a tool for evaluation, selection and visualization of RNA-Seq normalization methods. Nucleic Acids Res 51(W1):W372-W378. [article]

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