The marine polychaete annelid Platynereis dumerilii has recently emerged as a prominent organism for the study of development, evolution, stem cells, regeneration, marine ecology, chronobiology and neurobiology within metazoans. Its phylogenetic position within the spiralian/ lophotrochozoan clade, the comparatively high conservation of ancestral features in the Platynereis genome, and experimental access to any stage within its life cycle, make Platynereis an important model for elucidating the complex regulatory and functional molecular mechanisms governing early development, later organogenesis, and various features of its larval and adult life. High resolution RNA-seq gene expression data obtained from specific developmental stages can be used to dissect early developmental mechanisms. However, the potential for discovery of these mechanisms relies on tools to search, retrieve, and compare genome-wide information within Platynereis, and across other metazoan taxa.
To facilitate exploration and discovery by the broader scientific community, researchers at Iowa State University have developed a web-based, searchable online research tool, PdumBase, featuring the first comprehensive transcriptome database for Platynereis dumerilii during early stages of development (2 h ~ 14 h). This database also includes additional stages over the P. dumerilii life cycle and provides access to the expression data of 17,213 genes (31,806 transcripts) along with annotation information sourced from Swiss-Prot, Gene Ontology, KEGG pathways, Pfam domains, TmHMM, SingleP, and EggNOG orthology. Expression data for each gene includes the stage, the normalized FPKM, the raw read counts, and information that can be leveraged for statistical analyses of differential gene expression and the construction of genome-wide co-expression networks. In addition, PdumBase offers early stage transcriptome expression data from five further species as a valuable resource for investigators interested in comparing early development in different organisms. To understand conservation of Platynereis gene models and to validate gene annotation, most Platynereis gene models include a comprehensive phylogenetic analysis across 18 species representing diverse metazoan taxa.
PdumBase represents the first online resource for the early developmental transcriptome of Platynereis dumerilii. It serves as a research platform for discovery and exploration of gene expression during early stages, throughout the Platynereis life cycle, and enables comparison to other model organisms.
Schematic illustration of the PdumBase sitemap
The content for each tabulator of the PdumBase home interface is summarized in “Tab Boxes” (blue) at the top of the figure.“Search Results” (pink), and “Expanded Results” (dark green) outline data retrieved from different search options. The result interface includes the “Show other info” option; a summary of its content is shown in “Other info selection” box (light green). Expandable results option for. Orthologous groups and Co-expression are also shown (light blue). Optional output summarizes downloadable content as well as file format options (light yellow)
Availability – PdumBase is freely available at http://pdumbase.gdcb.iastate.edu