Phasik – inferring cell cycle phases from a partially temporal network of protein interactions

The temporal organization of biological systems is key for understanding them, but current methods for identifying this organization are often ad hoc and require prior knowledge. Researchers at Aix Marseille University have developed Phasik, a method that automatically identifies this multiscale organization by combining time series data (protein or gene expression) and interaction data (protein-protein interaction network). Phasik builds a (partially) temporal network and uses clustering to infer temporal phases. The researchers demonstrate the method’s effectiveness by recovering well-known phases and sub-phases of the cell cycle of budding yeast and phase arrests of mutants. They also show its general applicability using temporal gene expression data from circadian rhythms in wild-type and mutant mouse models. They systematically test Phasik’s robustness and investigate the effect of having only partial temporal information. As time-resolved, multiomics datasets become more common, this method will allow the study of temporal regulation in lesser-known biological contexts, such as development, metabolism, and disease.

Availability – the Phasik code is user friendly and readily available for others to use for other biological systems (

Lucas M, Morris A, Townsend-Teague A, Tichit L, Habermann B, Barrat A. (2023) Inferring cell cycle phases from a partially temporal network of protein interactions. Cell Reports Methods [Epub ahead of print]. [article]

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