Single-Cell RNA Sequencing Technology Landscape in 2023

Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) has revolutionized our understanding of cellular heterogeneity and the dynamics of gene expression, bearing profound significance in stem cell research. Depending on the starting materials used for analysis, scRNA-seq encompasses scRNA-seq and single-nucleus RNA sequencing (snRNA-seq). scRNA-seq excels in capturing cellular heterogeneity and characterizing rare cell populations within complex tissues, while snRNA-seq is advantageous in situations where intact cell dissociation is challenging or undesirable (eg, epigenomic studies). A number of scRNA-seq technologies have been developed as of late, including but not limited to droplet-based, plate-based, hydrogel-based, and spatial transcriptomics. The number of cells, sequencing depth, and sequencing length in scRNA-seq can vary across different studies. Addressing current technical challenges will drive the future of scRNA-seq, leading to more comprehensive and precise insights into cellular biology and disease mechanisms informing therapeutic interventions.

Graphical Abstract

Qu HQ, Kao C, Hakonarson H. (2024) Single-Cell RNA Sequencing Technology Landscape in 2023. Stem Cells 42(1); 1-12. [abstract]

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